Wto General Agreement On Trade In Services Pdf

However, timetables have been only a first step in the complex process of liberalizing trade in services, and many countries continue to establish restrictions and conditions for both market access and national treatment. These restrictions are set in each country`s calendar. The continuation of GATS services negotiations is aimed at removing these restrictions and conditions. The GATS aims to ensure that the laws and regulations enforced by WTO member governments on trade in services are transparent and fair. Its main element of market opening is the timetable for specific commitments that each signatory has attached to the GATS as an integral part of the agreement. In these timetables, stemming from the Uruguay Round negotiations, the signatories determined to what extent they would grant full market access and national treatment in certain service sectors. By committing in their timetables to liberalising trade in certain service sectors in one or more of the four types of supply, Member State governments have “linked” these obligations, since tariffs are linked under the GATT. They can only be amended or withdrawn after negotiations with other contracting parties. These negotiations generally involve compensation in the form of trade concessions of similar value. While national governments have the option of excluding certain services from liberalisation under the GATS, they are also under pressure from international trade interests not to exclude any “commercial” service. Important utilities, such as water and electricity, are most often linked to consumer purchases and are therefore clearly “commercially supplied”. The same is true of many health and education services that some countries are supposed to “export” as profitable industries.

[6] This definition defines virtually all public services as “commercial” and already covers sectors such as the police, army, prisons, justice, public administration and government. In a relatively short period of time, this could apply to the privatization or commercialization of a large part, and perhaps to all those who are now considered public services that are currently considered social requirements for the entire population of a country, structured, marketed, under-distributed to for-profit suppliers and ultimately fully privatized and are only available to those who can pay the price. This process is currently well advanced in most countries, usually (and deliberately) without properly informing the public or consulting whether this is what they want or not. In September 2003, the Fifth Ministerial Conference took stock of the ongoing negotiations. Agricultural issues have proven to be a serious challenge to the progress of the cycle, with developing countries calling for better access to developed country markets. Since the cycle must end in one company, all issues must be resolved. Market access and regular discussions on services are ongoing. Most favoured nation (MFN) treatment. (Article II) Governments of WTO member states are required to treat service providers in other Member States.

This means that the treatment should not be less favourable than that given to comparable services and service providers in another country. The GATS allows countries to maintain measures inconsistent with this principle of the MFN, provided that these measures are included in the GATS schedule to the Exemptions under Article II (MFN) and fulfill them. [Link to this appendix] More than 70 signatories were granted exceptions. In principle, these exemptions should not apply beyond 2004. . The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is a World Trade Organization (WTO) treaty that came into force in January 1995 following the Uruguay Round negotiations. The treaty was created to extend the multilateral trading system to the services sector, just as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) provides such a system for the trade

CategoríasSin categoría