The main international instruments that enable countries to cooperate on a wide range of global environmental challenges are international conventions and treaties on the environment and natural resources, also known as multilateral environmental agreements (EAs). The database also contains information on the status of more than 500 important multilateral instruments filed with the UN Secretary-General (including those to which Kenya is not necessarily signed) and covers a number of issues such as human rights, diplomatic relations, maritime navigation, refugees, aviation and trade. As new treaties and agreements are constantly filed with the UN Secretary-General, the database is regularly updated to keep it up to date with such new content. The database was developed at odds with Article 2, paragraph 5, paragraph 6 of Kenya`s 2010 Constitution, which provides that treaties or conventions ratified by Kenya are part of Kenyan law. Global environmental issues that MEAs are expected to address include biodiversity loss, the adverse effects of climate change, ozone depletion, hazardous waste, organic pollutants, marine pollution, trade in endangered species, destruction of wetlands, etc. EAC partner states have signed and ratified several international conventions and treaties, including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB); The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); Cartagena`s Biosecurity Protocol (CPB); the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, particularly as Habitats for Waterbirds, and the United Nations Convention on Combating Desertification (UNFCCC). The agreements were drafted by the international community as part of international efforts to promote the concept of sustainable development. Kenya has already begun to implement this MEA, and this portal focuses on the four conventions and provides additional information on each of them This collection of treaties and agreements must not contain all the treaties and agreements to which Kenya has joined or that apply or otherwise relate to it. Because the information is collected from different sources through which the National Council for Law Reporting has no ownership or control, the information in our database may not reflect the true status of a particular contract, as new information is not recorded until it is made available to the National Council for Law Reporting.
While the Commission makes every reasonable effort to update the database, the Commission does not guarantee that the information contained in the database is complete, accurate or up-to-date, and it is recommended that users inform them of the primary source of the information. All partner states of the East African Community (EAC) have ratified the Cartagena Protocol, an international agreement to ensure the safety of the handling, transport and use of modified living organisms from modern biotechnology, which can have adverse effects on biodiversity, taking into account risks to human health. EAC partner countries are at different stages of defining national biosecurity frameworks. In 2002, the EAC Heads of State and Government Summit decided that regional and multilateral issues should be negotiated in bulk. The draft framework for joint participation and implementation of regional and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has been finalised.